Crossing safety is key to the safe operations of CP’s trains through the more than 1,100 communities we operate in
Crossing safety is a shared responsibility between cyclists, pedestrians, motorists, stakeholders and the railway. CP supports the objective to improve railway crossing safety and is committed to working with road authorities, private authorities and crossing users to ensure compliance with the new Grade Crossing Regulations and Standards.
During the 2006 review of the Railway Safety Act and the more recent Canadian Transportation Agency review, CP submitted that the Minister of Transport should have the sole authority to approve new crossings and should only do so as an option of last resort upon evidence of clear need and adequate safety. In the event of a new crossing opening an existing crossing should be closed so that there is no net increase in the number of crossings. A corridor view should be taken, with traffic routed to the safest crossing with all adjacent less safe crossings closed. The overall goal should be to reduce the number of crossings which will benefit overall public safety.
This guide was produced by CP to assist road authorities and private authorities (such as private crossing agreement holders or landowners) in understanding how to work with CP to address Transport Canada’s grade crossings regulations and standards and progress our mutual objective to improve railway crossing safety.
Between 2009 and 2015, there were an average of 178 incidents, resulting in 24 fatalities and 25 serious injuries per year (Source: TSB Canada). The Transportation Safety Board raised concerns that the risk of trains colliding with vehicles was too high. Mandated reviews of the Railway Safety Act emphasized the challenges of managing safety at grade crossings. As a result, Transport Canada has raised the standards and issued revised regulations for railway grade crossings.
The goals of the regulations are to:
New crossings must meet the regulations and standards immediately. If upgrading or changing an existing crossing, it must meet the regulations and standards immediately. Information on any changes must be shared between parties. Other existing private and public crossings must be inspected and upgraded, or closed, if required to meet the new regulations and standards by November 27, 2021.
Landowners with private crossings are also impacted by this regulation and should review Transport Canada's website for more information.
The type of crossing protection at each grade crossing is determined based on regulatory requirements and safety. With thousands of crossings along our network, each is assessed on its own characteristics to determine the type of protection required for that crossing. Having crossing gates at a location does not protect a crossing completely – crossing safety is a shared responsibility and pedestrians, cyclists and motorists need to follow the rules of the road. The safest crossing is no crossing at all.
CP's Guide to Transport Canada's New Grade Crossings Regulations & Standards
Under the regulations, CP shared the following information with the respective road authority for each crossing by November 27, 2016:
By November 27, 2021, CP is also responsible for ensuring the following parameters meet or exceed the requirements of the regulations:
To meet the information sharing requirements of the regulations, road authorities were required to provide the following information to CP by November 27, 2016:
By November 27, 2021, public road authorities are responsible for ensuring the following parameters meet or exceed the requirements of the regulations:
Transport Canada's website for more information on public crossings.
The private authority(ies) responsible for a private grade crossing on CP's network have a role to play in making sure the requirements of the regulations are met by November 27, 2021. Transport Canada has assigned responsibilities to private authorities and CP is trying to contact and assist all private authorities, as much as possible, to understand the requirements of the regulations.
In early 2020, CP began contacting landowners with private crossings without agreements in place to validate who is responsible for the crossing(s) identified and confirm certain design parameters which are crucial in determining the amount of work required to meet the November 27, 2021 deadline at those crossing(s).
Transport Canada's website for more information on private crossings.
Transport Canada has developed a phased-in approach to implementing the regulations. To ensure compliance, road authorities/private authorities and railways must work together on the following:
Completed in 2016 initially and ongoing as changes occur at public crossings.
Information shared by the road authorities is being reviewed and CP will be in contact if there are any discrepancies between what was provided and our field measurements or observations.
Using information shared by road authorities for public crossings and information collected by CP, CP completed crossing assessments at all public and private crossings to develop initial scopes of work required for each crossing to meet or exceed the requirements of the November 27, 2021 deadline.
CP and the responsible authorities will work together to review crossings that require modifications to meet the regulations, as well as determine how those changes will be funded. Any crossings requiring modifications will become part of an action plan to meet the requirements of the regulations by November 27, 2021.
Prior to making certain changes at a crossing, a road authority must provide a railway company (and vice versa) with the details of the change, in writing, not later than 60 days before the change begins. This period may be reduced if the notified party agrees. Refer to the regulations for the nature of those changes.
Where certain criteria are met, Transport Canada offers:
Details on these programs can be found on Transport Canada's website
Railways and road/private authorities can work together to request funding through these programs and it is recommended that road/private authorities contact CP if they are planning to request funding under one of these programs.
CP Crossing ComplianceEmail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Transport Canada Rail SafetyEmail: email@example.com Phone: 1-613-998-2985